Maize (Zea mays L.) is one of the most versatile emerging crop shaving wider adaptability under varied agro-climatic conditions. Globally, maize is known as queen of cereals because it has the highest genetic yield potential among the cereals. It is cultivated on nearly 190 m ha in about 165 countries having wider diversity of soil, climate, biodiversity and management practices that contributes 39 % in the global grain production. The United States of America (USA) is the largest producer of maize contributes nearly 36% of the total production in the world and maize is the driver of the US economy. In India, Maize is grown throughout the year. It is predominantly a kharif crop with 85 per cent of the area under cultivation in the season. Maize is the third most important cereal crop in India after rice and wheat. It accounts for around 10 per cent of total food grain production in the country. In addition to staple food for human being and quality feed for animals, maize serves as a basic raw material as an ingredient to thousands of industrial products that includes starch, oil, protein, alcoholic beverages, food sweeteners, pharmaceutical, cosmetic, film, textile, gum, package and paper industries etc.
Areas of Cultivation:
Major wheat growing states in India are Karnatka, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Tamil Nadu, Telangna, Maharashtra and Andhra pradesh.
India’s Production:
Production of maize is estimated to be 21,810 thousand tonnes in 2015-16.
The country has exported 28,79,202.93 MT of maize to the world for the worth of Rs. 4,675.78 crores/ 634.85 USD Millions in 2020-21.
Major Export Destinations (2020-21): Bangladesh Pr, Vietnam Soc. Rep., Nepal, Malaysia, Myanmar.