Grapes

Grape (Vitis vinifera) is grown in temperate to warm regions, however, hot and dry climate is ideal for its cultivation. Indian grapes come in varied characteristics namely colored, white, seeded, unseeded, large and small berries. Indian grapes are successfully grown at and above 250 mean sea levels.

A modern packhouse facility for grapes with an automatic forced air system is available in all the commercial production areas and the traceability system is maintained for product tracking. An extensive Residue Monitoring plan for pesticide residue monitoring in grapes is implemented for consumer safety.
Varieties:
More than 20 varieties are under cultivation in India. However, only a dozen are commercially grown. They can be grouped under the following 4 categories, based on color and seeds.
Coloured seeded Bangalore Blue, Gulabi (Muscat)
Coloured seedless Beauty Seedless and Sharad Seedless
White seeded Anab-e-Shahi, Dilkhush (clone of Anab-e-Shahi)
White seedless Perlette, Pusa Seedless, Thompson Seedless, and its clones Tas-A-Ganesh, Sonaka and Manik Chaman
Currently, Thompson Seedless is the ruling grape variety occupying 78.96% of the area with its clones. 2A-Clone occupies approximately 5% of the total area while Tas-e-Ganesh Sharad Seedless constitute 4.5% and 3.5% respectively in 2021.
 
Thompson Seedless is the highest producing grapes exhibiting 79.12 per cent share in total Grape production (246631MT) in 2021 followed by Tas-e-Ganesh (4.93 per cent) and 2A-Clone (4.62 per cent) in the same year.
Areas of Cultivation :
Major grape-growing states are Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, and Mizoram. Maharashtra ranks first in terms of production accounting for more than 70 % of total production and the highest productivity in the country during 2021-22 (3rd Advance Estimate). Karnataka is the second largest producer of Grapes with a share of 25% in 2021-22 (3rd Advance Estimate).
India Facts and Figures :

Grape is one of the important fruit covering an area of 161.91 thousand hectares occupying 2.30 % of the total area of Fruits Production in 2021-22 (3rd Advance Estimate). The country is also a major exporter of Fresh Grapes to the world. The country has exported 267,950.39 MT of Grapes to the world, worth Rs. 2,543.42 crores/ 313.70 USD Millions during the year 2022-23.

Major Export Destinations (2022-23): Netherland, Bangladesh, United Arab Emts, U.K and Russia.