Fruits and Vegetables Seeds

Fruits & Vegetable Seed in India is being viewed as a high growth Industry. Most seeds normally remain viable for 2 or 3 years if stored under good conditions. Therefore, buy only from seed firm of known integrity. High yielding, high price seeds should have 90% germination. For germination of seeds adequate moisture, temperature and aeration are essential. The requirement of temperature for various fruits and vegetable seeds varies markedly. Some seeds do not germinate at low temperature while some others at high. Usually germination is optimum in between 400 F and 600 F. Seeds absorb moisture and swell and vital activities starts. Respiration begins and energy is supplied and this requires oxygen. Aeration is essential to supply oxygen. If supply of water is more or over wet aeration is poor and may hinder in germination. The first eliminates organisms present on the surface of seeds. Calcium hypochlorite, mercuric chloride and bromide water may be used.
The second disinfectant eliminates organisms present within the seeds. For this hot water, formaldehyde and mercuric chloride are effective. In hot water treatment dry seeds are immersed in hot water 45 to 550 C for 10 to 15 minutes. The third treatment protectants are fungicides to protect seeds from soil fungi. Nursery soil should be drenched before sowing of seeds.
The vegetable seeds should be sown in nursery beds in lines at 1.5-2 cm. below surface soiled at a distance of 5-6 cm. The distance from line to line should be 10-15 cm. After sowing cover the seeds with sieved compost very lightly. The beds should be watered with a sprinkler. The above distance from plant to plant or row to row may be changed according to size of seeds, kind of vegetables and type of seedlings. Similarly the depth of covering with compost varies with the kind of seed. Very fine seeds may be dusted over the nursery bed. Covering of other seeds may be one to two times their minimum diameter. Over watering creates high humidity and poor aeration and contributes to "damping off" disease.
Individual Sub-Products:
  Sugar Beet Seeds Pomegranate Seeds
  Beet Seeds Tomato Seeds
  Clover Seeds Tamarind Seeds
  Rye Grass Seeds Vegetables Seeds
  Timothey Grass Seeds Fruit Seeds
  Cabmeseeds Seeds of Forage Plants
  Cauliflower Seeds Seeds of Herbaceus Plants
  Onion Seeds Kentucky Blue Grass Seeds
  Pea Seeds Other seeds
  Radish Seeds  
The major seeds which are grown in India are Beet Seeds, Cabbage Seeds, Cauliflower seeds, Fruit Seeds, Onion seeds, Pea Seeds, Pomegranate seeds, Radish Seeds, Tamarind Seeds and Other Seeds etc.
Areas of Cultivation :
Maharashtra, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh , Tamil Nadu , West Bengal, Uttar Pardesh , Orissa have emerged as major areas of cultivation .
India Facts and Figures:
The country has exported 10,925.60 MT of Fruits and Vegetables Seeds to the world for the worth of Rs. 493.54 crores during the year 2015-16.
Major Export Destinations (2015-16): Bangladesh, Pakistan, United States, Netherland, and Japan were major importing countries of Indian seeds during the same period.